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作者: Ana María Oviedo
出版社: World Bank Publications
关键词: literature, survey, policies, costs, informality, causes, economic
页数: 54
出版时间: 2009-05
ISBN-10: 0821379968
ISBN-13: 9780821379967

This survey assembles recent theoretical and empirical advances in the literature on economic informality and analyzes the causes and costs of informality in developed and developing economies. Using recent evidence, the survey discusses the nature and roots of informal economic activity across countries, distinguishing between informality as the result of Sexclusion and Sexit. The survey provides an extensive review of recent international experience with policies aimed at reducing informality, in particular, policies that facilitate the formalization process, create a framework for the trans
9428

作者: Guillermo Perry
出版社: World Bank Publications
关键词: exclusion, exit, informality
页数: 270
出版时间: 2007
ISBN-10: 0821370928
ISBN-13: 9780821370926

'Informality: Exit and Exclusion' analyzes informality in Latin America, exploring root causes and reasons for and implications of its growth. The authors use two distinct but complementary lenses: informality driven by "exclusion"' from state benefits or the circuits of the modern economy, and driven by voluntary "exit" decisions resulting from private cost-benefit calculations that lead workers and firms to opt out of formal institutions. They find both lenses have considerable explanatory power to understand the causes and consequences of informality in the region. 'Informality: Exit and Ex
14978

作者: Unknown
出版社: World Bank Publications
关键词: firms, formal, among, informality
页数: 37
出版时间:
eBookDB-ID: GGKEY:25S5
27373

作者: Unknown
出版社: World Bank Publications
关键词: cycles, trends, informality
页数: 37
出版时间:
eBookDB-ID: GGKEY:9ENE
27393

作者: Unknown
出版社: World Bank Publications
关键词: informality, growth, regulation, impact
页数: 22
出版时间:
eBookDB-ID: GGKEY:CCTL
27368

作者: Unknown
出版社: World Bank Publications
关键词: developing, countries, informality, unemployment, movements, cyclical
页数: 53
出版时间:
eBookDB-ID: GGKEY:515P
19056

作者: William Mahoney, Mariano Bosch, Edwin Goni
出版社: World Bank Publications
关键词: gross, worker, flows, evidence, brazil, rising, informality, determinants
页数: 58
出版时间:
eBookDB-ID: GGKEY:2NWR
27370
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