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作者: Roberta Gatti, Diego Angel-Urdinola, Joana Silva,
出版社: World Bank Publicatio
关键词: north, africa, directions, development, east, middle, jobs, challenge, informality, striving
页数: 320
出版时间: 2014-08-01
ISBN-10: 0821395351
ISBN-13: 9780821395356

While economic growth has been sustained for a number of years in many countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, this has not resulted in the creation of an adequate number of jobs and has succeeded, at best, in generating low-quality, informal jobs. While there is a great deal of heterogeneity across countries, informality in MENA is widespread, and some countries in the region are amongst the most informal economies in the world. The book looks at informality through a human development angle and focuses specifically on informal employment. In line with this approach, the
54410

作者: Mariano Bosch
出版社: World Bank Publications
关键词: markets, mexican, experience, labor, informal, worker, flows, presence, gross
页数: 53
出版时间: 2006
eBookDB-ID: GGKEY:J0EA

This paper applies recent advances in the study of labor market dynamics to a representative developing country with a large informal or unregulated sector, Mexico. It studies quarterly gross flows of workers over a 15-year period that includes two recoveries and recessions, including the celebrated 1995 Tequila crisis. It finds, first, that the formal or modern salaried sector shows the same procyclical job finding rate and mildly countercyclical separation behavior identified in the recent U.S. literature, and relative wage rigidity, both consistent with Shimer (2005a) and Hall (2005). The u
23238

作者: OECD
出版社: OECD Publishing
关键词: mexico, surveys, economic, oecd
页数: 171
出版时间: 2011-05-01
ISBN-10: 9264093087
ISBN-13: 9789264093089

The 2011 edition of OECD's periodic economic survey of Mexico.  This edition includes chapters on macroeconomic and structural policies, fiscal reform, structural reforms in regulatory, competition and education policies; and informality.
5340

作者: OECD
出版社: OECD Publishing
关键词: mexico, surveys, economic, oecd
页数: 168
出版时间: 2011-05-17
ISBN-10: 9264093095
ISBN-13: 9789264093096

The 2011 edition of OECD's periodic economic survey of Mexico.  This edition includes chapters on macroeconomic and structural policies, fiscal reform, structural reforms in regulatory, competition and education policies; and informality.
52739

作者: Jütting Johannes
出版社: OECD Publishing
关键词: jobs, developing, countries, towards, normal, centre, studies, informal, development
页数: 164
出版时间: 2009-03-24
ISBN-10: 9264059245
ISBN-13: 9789264059245

The informal sector deprives states of revenues and workers of social protection. It also, however, frequently constitutes the most dynamic part of the economy and creates massive employment. Informal employment is ubiquitous and growing. The financial crisis that began in 2008 has made the management of informal employment even more challenging.  Responding to this emerging challenge is critical, not only for the well being of millions of workers but also for social development. Is Informal Normal? provides evidence for policy makers on how to deal with this issue of crucial importance for d
54353

作者: Johannes Jütting
出版社: OECD Publishing
关键词: developing, countries, jobs, towards, normal, informal
页数: 168
出版时间: 2009
ISBN-10: 9264059237
ISBN-13: 9789264059238

Shoe shine workers in Cairo, street vendors in Calcutta, badly-paid public officials driving their taxis at night in the streets of Moscow: this is informal employment - jobs or activities in the production and marketing of legal goods and services that are not regulated or protected by the state. Over half the non-agricultural jobs in developing and emerging economies come into this category. In some regions, sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, for example, as many as 80 per cent of jobs are informal; in a few countries, it is even higher. The informal sector deprives states of revenues and wo
8235

作者: World Bank
出版社: World Bank Publications
关键词: jobs, creating, business, doing
页数: 196
出版时间: 2006
ISBN-10: 0821357492
ISBN-13: 9780821357491

Doing Business in 2006 is the third in a series of annual reports investigating regulations that ease doing business and those that constrain it. This edition focuses on job creation. New quantitative indicators on business regulations and their enforcement can be compared across 155 countries - from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe - and over time.Doing Business in 2006 updates the indicators presented in previous reports: starting a business, hiring and firing workers, getting credit, protecting investors, enforcing contracts, and closing a business. Three new sets of measures are added: paying taxes
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