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作者: Helena Ribe
出版社: World Bank Publications
关键词: caribbean, right, reality, america, latin, effective, social, protection, achieving
页数: 140
出版时间: 2010-06-22
ISBN-10: 0821383981
ISBN-13: 9780821383988

The study focuses on three fundamental questions: how to protect the most vulnerable without promoting informality and dampening incentives to work and save; how to ensure that scarce public resources are used for subsidies that are transparent, fair, and effective and not for badly targeted and regressive benefits for formal sector workers; and how to reinforce human capital development so that more workers can insure themselves through savings or risk-pooling arrangements, reducing vulnerability and the need for subsidies. Rooted in the complex realities of the region, it recognizes that sta

作者: Un-habitat
关键词: urban, divide, bridging, cities, world, state
页数: 244
出版时间: 2010-04-30
ISBN-10: 1849711763
ISBN-13: 9781849711760

Cities are constantly changing. They are built, rebuilt, destroyed, transformed, occupied by different groups, and used for different functions. In the search for higher returns through better spatial structures, more efficient economies of scale and other benefits, cities generate a diversity of residential patterns. In this process, they are more often than not divided by visible and invisible borders, splitting "off-center" and "central" areas, or the "higher" and the "lower" districts, as the Urban Divide is colloquially symbolized in many developing countries.The Urban Divide can be chara
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